The following questions and guidance are
taken from the |
Consolidated Screening Checklist For Automotive Repair Facilities.
Are used oil containers and piping leak free, segregated, and
labeled "used oil?"
Yes--Used oil is leak free, segregated from other wastes in
its own container, and is labeled with the words "used oil."
- Leak free--No leaks are observed.
- Segregated--Containers are properly segregated if
wastes are not mixed. For example, used oil is in a separate
container from antifreeze, solvent is in its own container,
oil spill absorbent is separated from regular trash.
- Labeled--Tanks, drums, or buckets storing used oil
for disposal are labeled with the words "used oil." To
receive a "yes," the exact words "used oil" are necessary. No
special labels are necessary, provided the words "used oil"
are visible. Spray painted, crayoned, or hand written labels
- If the tanks, drums, or pipes are color coded (e.g., oil tanks are
green, solvent tanks are red), labeled "waste oil," or something
similar that lets you know that the container contains used oil,
the facility is on the right track, but the words "used oil" are
required by EPA because "used oil" that is destined for recycling
has less strict management standards than waste oil, oils that have
been mixed with hazardous waste, or oil that is not destined for
- Used oil piping--Some facilities have pipes
that connect the used oil storage tank outside the building to
a disposal point inside the building. This way, technicians
can pour their oil in a funnel or small bucket which is
attached to the piping and the oil goes directly to the tank.
If this is the case, the funnel/bucket or piping should be
labeled with the words "used oil" to receive a "yes."
No--Leaks are observed, or used oil is not segregated,
or either piping or the tank is not properly labeled.
Are hazardous waste fluids mixed with used oil?
Yes--Used solvent, gasoline, or other hazardous substances
are mixed with used oil. Though mixing solvents, gasoline is
acceptable, the shop is setting itself up for closer scrutiny by the
inspector. Too much mixing can cause used oil to become waste oil.
If at all possible, keep solvents and gasoline separate from used oil.
No--Only used oil, transmission fluid, or brake fluid
are stored in the same container/tank.
Is used oil collected and sent offsite for recycling or burned in
an onsite heater?
Recycle--Facility has a regular hauler who takes the oil
to a recycling facility.
Onsite heater--Facility burns its used oil in an onsite
heater used to heat the facility.
Burned offsite--Facility has a hauler or takes its own oil
to a used oil burner.
Does the facility accept household used oil?
Yes--Facility accepts oil from do it yourselfers.
No--Facility does not accept any oil not changed at the
If yes, is it tested for hazardous waste (solvent/gasoline)
Yes--Facility has the customer sign a form stating that the substance
contains only used oil and checks the oil in one of the following
- Visually inspects the oil for signs of antifreeze,
solvent, or other substance that does not appear to be oil.
- Uses a "sniffer," a hand held detector that the facility
places near the substance and indicates whether total
halogens are higher than normal for used oil.
No--Facility does not test the used oil using one of the
above methods nor does it ask the do-it-yourselfer to sign a form
stating that the substance is only used oil.